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On the other hand, the "World to come" is undoubtedly a world of Eternal Memory, and not of eternal oblivion. Rome beg an as a settlement of shepherd�s huts, became a city around 750 BCE, and they naturally fought their neighbors.� Etruscan civilization dominated the northern Italian Peninsula during Rome�s early years.� But as with all civilizations previously reviewed, they only appeared where the essentials of a stable and relatively abundant energy supply could be exploited, which consisted of a navigable body of water, exploitable forests, and arable land that was usually exposed for agriculture after the forests were removed.� Greek colonies on the southern end of the Italian peninsula influenced Etruscan culture, which in turn influenced Rome.� The Italian Peninsula and vicinity was about the last region in southern Europe that had timber suitable for shipbuilding, and forests near Rome boasted fir and silver fir, which were ideal for building naval ships.� Some of Rome�s hills were named after trees that grew on them, such as oak, laurel, and willow.� Thick forests grew near Rome in its early days; a warring tribe was able to elude the Roman army by disappearing into a forest near Antium (now called Anzio ), and near today�s Naples were the �Avernian� woods, which meant �birdless,� because the trees were so thick that birds did not enter it.� A little n orth of Rome sat the Ciminian forest, a deep and dark forest which no Roman dared enter before 310 BCE, when a Roman expedition explored it.� The Senate forbade such a dangerous expedition into the unknown, but the intrepid party investigated the forest and the Roman public avidly followed news of their findings.  � Like early Crete, early Rome�s most important export was wood, sold to obtain finished goods from more developed eastern Mediterranean civilizations that had already lost their forests.� Between 540 BCE and 535 BCE, Carthage and Etruria combined to fight Greek colonies where today�s Marseille is and on Corsica. � The Greeks won, but it was a Cadmean �victory� that ended their Corsican settlement.� Etruscans ruled Rome in its early days.� Around 5 09 BCE, Rome overthrew its monarchy, established its independence from Etruria, and formed what today is called a republic.� It held a tension between the aristocratic ruling class ( patricians ) and the commoners ( plebeians ).� Centuries of interactions and wars with Etruria concluded with the final battle in 282 BCE, and Etruscans were absorbed into Roman culture and disappeared as a people.� Etruscan cities became Roman cities, and Etruria�s fate was a preview of the polyglot empire that Rome would become, as it absorbed conquered peoples.
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