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In ethnography, the technique of learning a person's culture through social participation and personal observation within the community being studied, as well as interviews and discussion with individual members of the group over a long time. the study of different cultures from a comparitive or historical point of view, using ethnographic accounts and developing theories that help explain why certain important differences or similarities occur among groups. the study of human cultures through the recovery and analysis of material remains and environmental data. a branch of archaeology tied to government policies for the protection of cultural resources and involving surveying and/ or excavating remains threatened by construction or development. the study of human languages, looking at their structure, history, and/ or relation to social and cultural contexts. an explanation of natural phenomena, supported by a reliable body of data founded Women's Anthropological Society; one of the first women to receive a full time official position in science. (1)those whom they study, (2)those who fund the research, and (3) those in the profession who expect us to publish our findings so they may be used to further our collective knowledge the process by which a society's culture is transmitted from one generation to the next and individuals become members of their society. an organized group of interdependent people who generally share a common territory, language, and culture and who act together for collective survival and well-being. the cultural elaborations and meanings assigned to the biological differences between the sexes. a distinctive set of standards and behavior patterns by which a group within a larger society operates, while still sharing common standards with the larger society. people who collectively and publicly identify themselves as a distinct group based on various cultural features such as shared ancestry and commin origin, language, customs, and traditional beliefs. the expression of the set of cultural ideas held by an ethnic group. a society in which two or more ethnic groups or nationalities are politically organized into one territorial state but maintain their cultural differences.
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