Download A Student Grammar of French by Malcolm Offord PDF

By Malcolm Offord

A scholar Grammar of French is a concise advent to French grammar, designed particularly for English-speaking undergraduates. preserving technical element to a minimal, it explains the basics of the grammar in obtainable and easy phrases, and is helping scholars to place their studying into perform via a number of enjoyable and interesting routines. all of the crucial themes are lined, with chapters on verbs, nouns, adjectives, pronouns, determiners, prepositions, adverbs, negation, numerals, sentences, and clauses. each grammatical element is illustrated with a number of genuine examples drawn from magazines and newspapers, overlaying many parts of latest existence reminiscent of style, healthiness concerns, relationships and activity. it really is truly prepared right into a basic, numbered indexing process, permitting the learner to speedy and simply find any grammatical subject. Functioning either as an necessary reference consultant and a complete workbook, this grammar turns into the precise accompaniment to any first or moment 12 months undergraduate path.

Show description

Read Online or Download A Student Grammar of French PDF

Similar language learning books

13 Secrets for Speaking Fluent Japanese

Thirteen secrets and techniques for talking Fluent eastern provides proven shortcuts for jap language acquisition. opting for teams of people that actively and successfully learn jap to the purpose of fluency-successful non-native freshmen and eastern children-Giles Murray has amassed from either teams the main lucrative and common options which are positioned to speedy use by means of either newbie and complex scholars of jap.

French Business Situations A Spoken Language Guide

French company events is a convenient reference and studying textual content for all those that use or want spoken French for company. it's compatible for self-study or classification use. Over forty spoken events are easily awarded, together with: * simple telephone calls * Leaving messages * Making displays * evaluating, enquiring, reserving * promoting strategies With complete English translations and short utilization notes, this consultant may help the person converse expectantly in a extensive variety of daily occasions.

Reading Greek: Grammar and Exercises (2nd Edition)

First released in 1978, analyzing Greek has develop into a best-selling one-year introductory path in historical Greek for college students and adults. It combines the simplest of contemporary and standard language-learning innovations and is used commonly in faculties, summer time faculties and universities internationally. It has additionally been translated into numerous overseas languages.

Schaum's Outline of French Grammar (6th Edition) (Schaum's Outlines)

Tricky try Questions? neglected Lectures? no longer sufficient Time?

Fortunately, there's Schaum's. "This all-in-one-package comprises greater than 550 workouts with solutions to sharpen your French grammar talents. Plus, you could have entry to ninety mins of downloadable audio documents for added practice--it's similar to having your personal digital train! You'll locate every little thing you must construct self assurance, abilities, and information for the top rating attainable.

More than forty million scholars have depended on Schaum's to aid them achieve the school room and on checks. Schaum's is the main to speedier studying and better grades in each topic. every one define provides all of the crucial direction info in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic layout. important tables and illustrations raise your figuring out of the topic to hand.

This Schaum's define offers

• 578 perform exercises
• Easy-to-follow overview of French grammar
• help for all of the significant textbooks for French courses
• loose audio obtain for extra comprehension practice

Fully suitable together with your lecture room textual content, Schaum's highlights the entire very important proof you must understand. Use Schaum's to shorten your examine time--and get your top try rankings!

Extra resources for A Student Grammar of French

Example text

A major distinction is to be made between those verbs which add –iss– between the stem and the ending in certain tenses and persons – subgroup 1 – and those which do not – subgroup 2 – subgroup 1 finir = to finish – nous finissons jouir = to enjoy – je jouissais subgroup 2 – courir = to run – je courais partir = to leave – nous partons Group 3 –re verbs and Group 4 –oir verbs The verbs in these groups often form small subgroups, but there are also a number of verbs which are complete one-offs, especially in Group 4.

Usage As will be explained in 135, 138, the future tense refers to events that have yet to take place, the conditional to ‘the future in the past’ and to express doubt or probability. 46 Endings of future and conditional tenses In the majority of cases, forming the future and conditional tenses is a relatively simple matter. For all Group 1 –er verbs (except aller and envoyer – see 49), the following endings are added to the stem. However, the stem undergoes variation in a few cases – see 48. Future tense singular plural –erai –erons –eras –erez –era –eront Conditional tense singular plural –erais –erions –erais –eriez –erait –eraient For all Group 2 –ir verbs (except cueillir – see 51), the following endings are added to the stem – Future tense singular –irai –iras –ira plural –irons –irez –iront Conditional tense singular plural –irais –irions –irais –iriez –irait –iraient For Group 3 –re verbs, the following endings are added to the stem.

It is normally formed by taking the first person singular form of the past historic tense, deleting the last letter and adding the appropriate endings. Obtaining the stem – portai → porta–, finis → fini–, courus → couru–, vendis → vendi–, rec¸us → rec¸u– The endings are singular plural –sse –ssions –sses –ssiez –ˆt –ssent Note that for the third person singular a circumflex accent is added to the vowel of the stem. 100 Examples of the imperfect subjunctive Group 1 porter ˆ nous portassions, vous portassiez, je portasse, tu portasses, il/elle portat, ils/elles portassent aller ˆ nous allassions, vous allassiez, j’allasse, tu allasses, il/elle/on allat, ils/elles allassent Group 2 finir je finisse, tu finisses, il/elle/on finˆıt, nous finissions, vous finissiez, ils/elles finissent courir ˆ nous courussions, vous je courusse, tu courusses, il/elle/on courut, courussiez, ils/elles courussent 41 A STUDENT GUIDE TO FRENCH GRAMMAR Group 3 vendre je vendisse, tu vendisses, il/elle/on vendˆıt, nous vendissions, vous vendissiez, ils/elles vendissent eˆ tre ˆ nous fussions, vous fussiez, ils/elles je fusse, tu fusses, il/elle/on fut, fussent Group 4 recevoir ˆ nous rec¸ussions, vous rec¸ussiez, je rec¸usse, tu rec¸usses, il/elle/on rec¸ut, ils/elles rec¸ussent avoir ˆ nous eussions, vous eussiez, ils/elles j’eusse, tu eusses, il/elle/on eut, eussent pouvoir ˆ nous pussions, vous pussiez, ils/elles je pusse, tu pusses, il/elle/on put, pussent Perfect and pluperfect subjunctive tenses 101 Formation The perfect subjunctive is formed by combining the present subjunctive of the auxiliary verbs avoir or eˆ tre with the past participle of the verb, and the pluperfect subjunctive similarly by combining the imperfect subjunctive of the auxiliary verbs avoir or eˆ tre with the past participle of the verb.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.32 of 5 – based on 41 votes