By H.E. Landsberg (Ed.)
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Extra info for Advances in Geophysics, Vol. 2
And Rosenberg, L. (1953).
A nearby radiosonde revealed that it was close in height t o an anticyclonic inversion. Browne deduced that the echo must huve been due to an exceptionally abrupt discontinuity in either temperature or humidity, or both. Although the sounding gave no evidence of so sharp a discontinuity, he recalled Friend’s  argument from radar observations a t still longer wavelength that transitions in the atmosphere may be far steeper than balloon sounding equipment has been capable of indicating. 22. 25-cm radar directed horizontally out to sea from a point one-half mile inland.
The two theoretical papers, which were in substantial agreement, dealt with ellipsoids of revolution; next t o spheres these are the most tractable shapes. It was recognized, of course, that the actual shapes of the particles-flattened raindrops, hail stones, snowflakes, and particles in the process of melting-were much more complicated indeed. Whatever the shape, the assumption of axial symmetry was probably justified. Both theories were first-order approximations; the problem was reduced to one in electrostatics, which is justified only when the scattering particles are small relative to the wavelength.