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By David Rock

David Rock has written the 1st finished examine of nationalism in Argentina, a fundamentalist circulation pledged to violence and a dictatorship that got here to a head with the infamous "disappearances" of the Seventies. This radical, correct wing circulation has had a profound effect on twentieth-century Argentina, leaving its mark on just about all points of Argentine life—art and literature, journalism, schooling, the church, and naturally, politics.

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Extra resources for Authoritarian Argentina: The Nationalist Movement, Its History and Its Impact

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40 The tyranny of the liberal state was such, Estrada concluded, as to justify its overthrow by revolution. "Revolutions are those great invocations [apelaciones] of natural law that the people may legitimately employ . . "41 Employing this doctrine, in July 1890, the Catholics joined the revolutionary coalition that took up arms against the liberal regime of Miguel Juárez Celman. In the 1870s and 1880s, Catholics articulated some of the basic ideas that reappeared among the Nationalists. Salient among them was the demand for the control of education by the church; the contention that liberalism had destroyed the "organic societies"; the claim that liberal institutions were unrepresentative and oppressive; the view that "materialism" and "cosmopolitanism" were the consequences of liberalism and that all leftist movements were the warped offsprings of liberalism; and finally, the conviction based on natural law that it was legitimate to overthrow "tyranny" by revolution.

This position left Maurras suspect among Catholics, who also looked askance at his idea of politics first because it endowed men with powers they believed belonged to God. When the Vatican condemned Action Française and its doctrines in 1927, the clerical and Nationalist groups in Buenos Aires immediately followed suit. To say that politics comes first [as in politique d'abord] is to assert that the body politic is constructed prior to the existence of Christian morality. . For Action Française the nation before all: Salus populus suprema lex est.

Html06-06-2010 16:00:20 page_16 < previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 exceptionally gifted minority and the "mediocre" majority. Thus, society formed a pyramid, as it did in the eyes of the counterrevolutionaries, although the "natural elite" now claimed this distinction not by virtue of birth but in accordance with the laws of natural selection. 79 Writing around 18801914, Maurice Barrès offered yet another way to link the doctrines of counterrevolution with those of nationalism. Barrès shared the nostalgia of the counterrevolutionaries like de Maistre for the local and provincial "liberties'' that prevailed in France before the revolution.

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